The Vermont fourteen (14) day notice to pay or quit is a legal document that is served on a tenant who has failed to pay their rent. The tenant must be served this notice and be given the full fourteen (14) day period to pay the past due rent before the landlord can file an eviction lawsuit in Superior Court. If the tenant does not pay the rent or move out within the fourteen (14) day period, the landlord has the right to bring an eviction action against them. The landlord must serve the notice in-person, send it by certified mail (with
Vermont Eviction Notices – 7, 14, 21, 30, 60, and 90 Day Notices to Quit
Vermont eviction notices are legal documents which landlords deliver to tenants who they wish to have removed from their rental property. The notice will inform the tenant of the number of days they have to vacate the property or remedy the situation and, if applicable, the reason for the eviction. Depending on the type of eviction, the tenant may be able to continue their tenancy by curing their lease violations or paying rent/damages to the landlord. If the notice period passes and the tenant hasn’t complied with the landlord’s demands or moved off the rental property, the landlord can file for an eviction action against them in court.
Non-Payment of Rent – 14 Days (§ 4467(a))
Non-Compliance – 30 Days (§ 4467(b)(1))
Illegal/Harmful Activity – 14 Days (§ 4467(2))
Termination of Week-to-Week Tenancy – 21 Days (§ 4467(c)(2))
Termination of Month-to-Month Tenancy – 60/90 Days (§ 4467(c)(1))
The Vermont fourteen (14) day notice to vacate is an eviction notice that is given to a tenant who has committed illegal activity on the premises of a rental property. The landlord must personally serve this notice on the tenant or send it by certified mail. Violent or drug-related activities committed by a tenant are the most common reasons that a landlord will issue this notice. From the date that the notice is served, the tenant will have fourteen (14) days to vacate the property. If the tenant does not move out within this fourteen (14) day period, the landlord can
The Vermont twenty-one (21) day notice to terminate is a legal document that is used to terminate a week-to-week rental agreement. The notice to terminate is most often served on a tenant by a landlord. However, it may also be used by a tenant who wishes to end their weekly tenancy. When a landlord or tenant terminates a week-to-week lease agreement, the other party must be given at least twenty-one (21) days’ notice. Furthermore, the notice must be served in person or by certified mail. If the tenant does not move off the rental property within the given notice period, the landlord
The Vermont thirty (30) day notice to comply or vacate is the type of eviction notice that must be served on a tenant who has committed a lease violation. The notice informs the tenant that they have thirty (30) days to cure the violation(s) or vacate the rental unit. If the tenant does not fix the violation(s) or move out within that period of time, the landlord can file an eviction action against the tenant. Service of this document must be executed by personal delivery, certified mail, or by posting the notice on the premises of the property. Laws – § 4467(b)(1)
The Vermont sixty (60) / ninety (90) day notice to terminate is a letter that is given either by a landlord or a tenant to the other party to terminate their lease agreement. State law dictates that, if the tenant has been on the property for under two (2) years, at least (60) days’ notice must be given. If the tenant has resided on the property for two (2) years or more, they must receive ninety (90) days’ notice. The notice must be transferred to the recipient by personal service or certified mail. If the tenant does not move out by the time the
How to Evict a Tenant (Process)
In order for a landlord to evict a tenant in Vermont, they must first issue an eviction notice (a “Notice to Quit”) and obtain a court order. The type of notice that must be used depends on the reasons for the eviction. Examples of why a tenant might be evicted include nonpayment of rent, violation of the lease agreement, or expiration of the rental/lease term. The notice must be in written form and be served to the tenant either personally or by certified mail.
Step 1 – Notice to Quit
The tenant must be served with an eviction notice. If they have failed to pay rent, they must be served with a Fourteen (14) Day Notice to Pay or Quit. If the tenant has committed a lease violation, the law requires that they receive a Thirty (30) Day Notice to Comply or Quit. Tenants who commit illegal and/or criminal activity on the premises of the rental property should be served a Fourteen (14) Day Notice to Quit. If the landlord wants to terminate a month-to-month or “at-will” tenancy, they must serve the tenant a sixty (60) or ninety (90) day notice of termination. Weekly rental agreements require a twenty-one (21) day notice period before the lease is terminated.
14 Day Notice to Pay or Quit – For non-payment of rent.
30 Day Notice to Comply or Quit – For tenants who have committed lease violations.
14 Day Notice to Quit for Illegal Activity – For tenants who commit illegal/criminal activity.
21 Day Lease Termination Letter – To terminate a week-to-week lease/rental agreement.
60/90 Day Lease Termination Letter – To terminate a month-to-month lease/rental agreement.
Step 2 – Serve the Notice to Quit
The landlord must serve the appropriate notice on the tenant by hand-delivery, certified mail, or first class mail. After delivery has occurred, the landlord must retain any proof of service, such as a mailing receipt or signed acknowledgment.
Step 3 – Complaint and Summons
If the tenant has not vacated the unit, paid the full past due amount for rent, cured the lease violation, or paid for damages by the end of the time frame stated in the notice, the landlord can file an eviction action within sixty (60) days from the end date listed on the notice. In Vermont, an eviction action is often referred to as an “Action for Possession.” For a landlord to file an eviction lawsuit, they will need to draft an Eviction Complaint (also called “Complaint for Ejectment”) and fill out a Summons form. The Complaint must contain the following information listed as numbered paragraphs: the address of the rental property, the full name(s) of the tenant(s), the date the tenant(s) began renting, whether the agreement is written or oral, the rental amount and when payments are due, a description of any lease rules that are relevant to the case, the reason(s) for eviction, and when and how the tenant was given notice.
Step 4 – File Forms With Clerk
Evictions in the State of Vermont are filed with the Civil Division of the Superior Court of the county in which the rental property is located. In addition to the Complaint and Summons forms, the landlord will need to attach copies of the lease, the eviction notice, and proof of service (return receipt for certified mail or acknowledgment of receipt signed by the tenant). The court will charge a filing fee, which the landlord must pay. If the landlord is unable to afford the filing fee, they can fill out and submit an Application to Waive Filing and Service Fees.
Step 5 – Serve Summons and Complaint
Once the suit has been filed, the tenant must be served copies of the Complaint and Summons, as well as any submitted attachments, by a sheriff or constable. Furthermore, the tenant must receive a blank Answer with the court. If the tenant does not submit an Answer within the twenty (20) day period, the court will most likely issue a default judgment against them (awarding the landlord with possession of the property). If the tenant will be representing themselves at the court hearing, they must fill out and submit theThe tenant will be given twenty (20) days from the date of service to file a written
Step 6 – Attend Hearing
If the tenant does file an Answer to the Complaint, a hearing date will be arranged. Both the landlord and tenant be in attendance at the court on the date of the hearing. Failure of the tenant to show up will result in a default judgment being awarded to the landlord, and the landlord’s absence will likely mean that the case will be dismissed. If the Judge rules in favor of the landlord, a Writ of Possession will be issued against the tenant ordering them to leave the property.
Step 7 – Remove Tenant
The tenant will be served with a copy of the Writ of Possession by the sheriff or constable. The Writ informs the tenant that they must vacate the rental property within ten (10) days. Once the tenant has been served by the sheriff or constable, the officer will give the landlord a Sheriff’s Return of Service form which must be filed with the court. If the tenant fails to move out of the rental unit by the end of the tenth (10th) day, the Sheriff can be asked to forcibly remove them from the premises. The landlord must retain any belongings that the tenant leaves behind for at least fifteen (15) days. However, they are not required to give the tenant any notice to collect their property.